Question 1: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
As soon as Dad _______, we can leave
Question 6: I’d love to have lived in the old days, when people ______ to market by horse and carriage
Question 7: Cars have been banned from the city centre, which makes the area much safer for ______
Question 8: Maps on paper can only show the world in two _____
Question 9: ______ any heavier, we’d never have made it on time
Question 10: I use the car _____ often than I used to
Question 11: Have you heard ____ John? He’s had an accident on his motorbike
Question 12: Try to get here _____ you can
Question 13: The traffic was moving slowly because a bus had _____ and was blocking the road
Question 14: The drunk driver _____ for causing the car crash in which nine people were injured
Question 15: On ____ the domestic airport terminal, please head to the Western Air check-in counter to pick up our boarding pass
Question 16: When booking a plane ticket online, we recommend _____ the airline’s website directly
Question 17: If she saw the wheel tracks, she _____ you what kind of vehicle made them
Question 18: It’s a very busy airport. There are planes ____ or landing every few minutes
Question 19: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The roads in the cities are choked with so many vehicles because people do not follow the laws well
Question 20: Motorcycle road trips are popular for backpackers, but many of them are ill-prepared when they set out to drive across the country
Question 21: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
All over the world, traffic congestion is escalating and costing consumers time and money
Question 22: Hanoi Department of Transport were asked to tighten monitoring and work with the police to punish violators via CCTV
Question 23: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Peter and Nathan are on the street
- Peter: “________. The traffic is moving fast!”
- Nathan: “Thanks, I will”
Question 24: Nga is talking to her dad
- Nga: “I passed the driving test yesterday”
- Her dad: “_________!”
Question 25: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
The volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand. This (25)______many problems, including serious air pollution, lengthy delays, and the greater risks (26) ______accidents. Clearly, something must be done, but it is often difficult to persuade people to change their habits and leave their cars at home.
One possible approach is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars by increasing charges for parking and bringing in tougher fines for anyone who (27)______ the laws. In addition, drives could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the day. This system, (28) ______as road pricing, is already being introduced in a number of cities, using a special electronic card fixed to windscreen of the car.
Another ways of dealing (29)______ the problem is to provide cheap parking on the outskirts of the city, and strictly control the number of vehicles allowed into the center. Drivers and passengers then use a special bus service for the final stage of their journey.
Of course, the most important thing is to provide good public transport. However, to get people to give up the comfort of their cars, public transport must be felt to be reliable, convenient and comfortable, with fares kept at an acceptable level.
Question 30: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34.
Road pollution is a serious danger to children’s health. That’s the worrying conclusion of the longest and largest study* ever undertaken into the effects of traffic fumes on child development. Researchers from the University of Southern California spent 13 years studying children who lived within 500 meters of busy highways. They found that most of the 3,600 children in the study had significantly weakened lungs. Researchers said this meant the children could have breathing problems for the rest of their lives. The main author of the study W. James Gauderman said: "Someone suffering a pollution-related deficit in lung function as a child will probably have less than healthy lungs all of his or her life.” He added: "If you live in a high-pollution area and live near a busy road, you get a doubling of the damage.”
Gauderman and his team conducted their research on youngsters who lived near busy roads. Once a year, the team measured the children's lung power. It checked how much air the children could release in one breath and how quickly it could be released. The team found that by their 18th birthday, children who lived within 500 meters of a highway exhaled three per cent less air compared with children who lived one-and-a-half kilometers away. Further, the highway children’s lung power was seven per cent weaker in the rate at which they could exhale. Gauderman said that: "Even if you are in a relatively low regional pollution area, living near a road produces lung problems." About a third of the children moved away from busy roads during the study but stayed near the same community. Their lungs developed more healthily.
(Adapted from breakingnewsenglish.com)
What was the main conclusion of this study?
Question 31: What could be a result of the 3,600 children with significantly weakened lungs?
Question 32: How much more at risk are you if you live in a high-pollution area or near a highway?
Question 33: How much less powerful are the exhales of children who grew up near a highway?
Question 34: What do they conclude that happens to children when they move away from the highway?
Question 35: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42
Traffic congestion is not primarily a problem, but rather the solution to our basic mobility problem, which is that too many people want to move at the same times each day. Why? Because efficient operation of both the economy and school systems requires that people work, go to school, and even run errands during about the same hours so they can interact with each other. That basic requirement cannot be altered without crippling our economy and society. The same problem exists in every major metropolitan area in the world.
In the United States, the vast majority of people seeking to move during rush hours use private automotive vehicles, for two reasons. One is that most Americans reside in low-density areas that public transit cannot efficiently serve. The second is that privately owned vehicles are more comfortable, faster, more private, more convenient in trip timing, and more flexible for doing multiple tasks on one trip than almost any form of public transit. As household incomes rise around the world, more and more people shift from slower, less expensive modes of movement to privately owned cars and trucks.
With 87.9 percent of America’s daily commuters using private vehicles, and millions wanting to move at the same times of day, America’s basic problem is that its road system does not have the capacity to handle peak-hour loads without forcing many people to wait in line for that limited road space. Waiting in line is the definition of congestion, and the same condition is found in all growing major metropolitan regions. In fact, traffic congestion is worse in most other countries because American roads are so much better. (Adapted from brookings.edu)
What does the article say is our basic mobility problem?
Question 36: Why do the schools and workplaces require that people come and go at the same time?
Question 37: Which other cities are facing a similar problem?
Question 38: Which is NOT one of the reasons why American people choose to use private automotive vehicles?
Question 39: What is happening to transportation as the household incoming is on the rise?
Question 40: What percentage of American commuters uses private vehicles?
Question 41: What is the main problem of the road system in America?
Question 42: What is the main point of this article?
Question 43: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Traffic congestion is something that commuters around the world have to face every day, cost enormous amounts of both time and money
Question 44: The subways and buses are extremely crowding, and are known to break down and leave commuters stranded
Question 45: Hanoi is also at risk of coming to a standstill by 2022 if the number of vehicles added to the road each year don’t change
Question 46: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closet in meaning to each of the following questions
Driving fast is dangerous, whether you are an experienced driver or not
Question 47: Although her both legs were broken in the crash, she managed to get out of the car before it exploded
Question 48: I couldn’t afford to buy the Rolls-Royce car
Question 49: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
We took the wrong turning. We arrived late
Question 50: Joe doesn’t have a car. Sam doesn’t have one either