Question 1: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from other three in position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
In his young age, Bell did _____ for half a year in charge of stealing.
Question 6: After many days of being wanted, the thief has finally been put behind ____.
Question 7: Because Claudia didn’t think carefully, she unintentionally_______ a serious crime.
Question 8: You _________ the law if you don’t want to have problems with the police.
Question 9: Japanese people are ________; for example, there is no thievery in this Asian country.
Question 10: He was returned a _________ of a death penalty for drug production by the Supreme Court.
Question 11: Only after the judge showed him his criminal evidences did he started _______ his inexperience in education
Question 12: Although he was arrested for high interest lending, he was _____ after eighteen months in prison
Question 13: In the court, the defendant denied _____ the victim to give him all jewelry in the store.
Question 14: The prisoner __________ to 20 years in prisonhas escaped from the custody for three days
Question 15: He was at the partywith us, so he _________ the culprit.
Question 16: Because of having enough witnesses and vital evidence, he was ______ by the jury.
Question 17: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Having all the proof they needed, the jury returned a guilty verdict.
Question 18: Question 18: Custodians failed to rehabilitate him and after being releasing, he continued attacking female workers around the industrial zone.
Question 19: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
After two times in prison, he promised he would go straight.
Question 20: Last week, a company operating in online education was undermined to be sharp practice by chuyendong24h, so the police has been investigating.
Question 21: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Myke and Bella are talking about crime.
Myke: “Are you worried about juvenile delinquency?”
Bella: “ _________________”
Question 22: Adam and Lucy are discussing jail.
Adam: “Do you think jails are dangerous places?”
Quynh: “ _________________”
Question 23: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.
In the United States, juveniles involved with the law are treated differently from adults. However, this has not always been the case. In earlier times, children were thrown into __(1)__ with adults. Long prison terms and corporal punishment were common. Some children were even sentenced to death for their crimes.
Reformers concerned about the harsh treatment of children urged the establishment of a separate court system for ___(2)___. The idea behind juvenile court was that children in trouble with the law should be helped rather than punished. Central to the concept of juvenile court was the principle of parenspatriae. This meant that instead of lawyers fighting to decide guilt or innocence, the court would act as a parent or guardian interested in protecting and helping the child. Hearings would be closed to the public. Proceedings would be informal. If ___(3)____, children would be separated from adult criminals.
In 1899, Cook County, Illinois, set up the country’s first juvenile court. Today, every state has a separate court system for juveniles. These courts generally handle two different groups of juveniles: the delinquent offender and the __(4)___ offender. A delinquent child is one who has committed an act that is a crime for adults under federal, state, or local law. Status offenders, on the other hand, are youths who are considered unruly or beyond the control of their legal guardians. Status offenses are not crimes. They are illegal acts that can only be committed by juveniles. Status offenses include running away from home, skipping school, refusing to obey parents, or engaging in certain behaviors such as drinking alcohol while under the age of majority.
Some people believe parents should be held responsible for crimes committed by their children. Those in favor of these parental responsibility laws believe they are particularly appropriate in cases in which parents know or should know that their children are using or selling drugs or belong to juvenile gangs. In some states parents may be charged with contributing to the ___(5)____ of a minor.
(Adapted from www.japankuru.com)
Question 28: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28-34
No single figure since the Second World War has made so profound an impact on world events as Osama bin Laden. Had the world responded to his 9/11 attack on America with moderation he would probably have disappeared, expelled from Afghanistan or killed by his Tajik enemies. Even the Taliban were known to have been shocked by 9/11, when almost the entire Muslim world came out in sympathy with America (including the PLO in Palestine).
It was a brief moment of American moral supremacy. Yet by launching armed aggression, first against Afghanistan and then against Iraq, America wholly squandered this gain. The aggression led to a tide of anti-Americanism and surge of support for fanatical Islamism across the Muslim world. The wars cost tens of thousands of lives and caused mass destruction. The billions of dollars expended on them was financed largely from borrowing, which in turn has destabilized the world economy.
All this was out of all proportion to the attacks on 9/11. Indeed the response to 9/11 was as Bin Laden must have dreamed. He saw widespread hostility towards the west and its aggressive behavior in the Muslim world. Civil liberties were curbed and governments reverted to cold war paranoia . America was again the great Satan. The peace dividend so eagerly awaited at the end of the 20th century evaporated as the security industry exploited counter-terrorism and seized every chance of profit and risk aversion . Bin Laden became a role model for fanatics everywhere. The decade since 9/11 must rank among the most inept and counterproductive eras in the story of modern statesmanship .
(Adapted from www.theguardian.com)
What can be served best as a title of the passage?
Question 29: According to the paragraph 1, by whom was the 9/11 attack plotted?
Question 30: In the paragraph 2, the word ‘squandered’ is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 31: According to the passage, the world economy was badly affected by _____:
Question 32: In the paragraph 3, the word “hostility” is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 33: What can be implied about the modern statesmanship after 9/11 attacks?
Question 34: In the paragraph 3, the word “exploited” is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 35: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35-42
It is estimated that road traffic crashes kill about 260,000 children and adolescents worldwide under the age of 18 every year. Recognizing the huge burden of such loss, the United Nations launched an initiative in 2011 called a ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety’ with the aim of stabilizing and then reducing global road deaths by 2020. With dramatic economic growth and the improvement of living standards, Vietnam has experienced a rapidly growing number of motor vehicles on its roads in recent years; however, motorcycles still represent the main mode of transport with 26,869,025 motorcycles registered in 2010. The pattern of unintentional injury of adolescents and young adults in Vietnam had previously been periodically studied in several surveys. The first was the Vietnam Multi-center Injury Survey (VMIS) conducted in 2001. That study showed that among young people under 20 years of age in Vietnam, injury accounted for 70% of the burden of disease using the years of potential life lost (YPLL) measurement, compared to 17% due to chronic diseases and only 13% due to communicable diseases. Among all injuries, traffic-related fatal injury is the leading cause of death in Vietnam. Road traffic injuries (RTI) is also a third leading cause of non-fatal injury in the under 20 age group. Children and adolescents in Vietnam experienced an alarmingly high rate of non-fatal injury with 4,818 episodes per 100,000 population, with a mortality rate of 26.7 per 100,000 inhabitants per year.
It is also worth mentioning that from 2001 to 2003 the Ministry of Transport of Vietnam had issued several guidelines stipulating types of roads on which helmet use is mandatory when motorcycling. The circular was then complemented by Resolution No. 13/2002/NQ-CP on traffic safety. The government's regulations have forced, to some extent, motorcycle riders to use helmets in the inter-provincial roads and national highways. These regulations, however, did not order helmet use in urban areas. As a consequence, rural residents have tended to produce better adherence than their urban counterparts.
In 2004, the Ministry of Health undertook the first ever comprehensive national survey of youth in Vietnam, covering a sample ranging from 14 to 25 year olds across the country which became known as the Survey Assessment of Vietnamese Youth (SAVY1). SAVY1 data showed that injury most likely takes place on the highway and street, accounting for 59.8% of all injuries (higher in urban: 68.2% vs. 55.8% in rural settings) followed by injury in the home and at the work place (16.7% each). The key findings from SAVY1 suggested that RTI accounted for a vast majority of all injury types and motorcycle injuries predominated. Overall, 54.2% of youths had used a motorcycle as a driver or passenger. In 2004, when SAVY1 data were collected, there was no compulsory helmet use requirement in metropolitan areas. SAVY1 data made it clear that legislation was central to helmet use: 51.9% of youths indicated that the law influences their decision compared with 37% who said injury avoidance was a major motivation for helmet use, and only 4% who said road traffic safety education was key. School-based education programs and free helmets were found to have very little influence overall.
Recognizing the burden of injury, in June 2007, the Vietnamese Government decreed that by the end of that calendar year all motorcycle drivers and passengers had to wear a helmet on all roads. Several studies have been conducted to investigate the impact of this resolution. Some were conducted before and some after the decree in order to assess the changes. Pervin et al. found that the frequency of helmet use in the four study locations ranged from 90 to 99% among adults, but only 15–53% among children 7 years of age or younger, and from 38 to 53% among children aged 7–14. It has been said that legislation to penalize adults whose children do not wear motorcycle helmets has been proposed in Vietnam. However, ongoing advocacy and social marketing efforts should be improved to disseminate information about the safety benefits of helmets to combat erroneous public perceptions.
To follow-up results from SAVY1, SAVY2 was conducted 5 years later in 2009. The major findings on SAVY2 have since been reported. However, no in-depth analysis has been performed specifically for motorcycle riding, helmet use and prevalence of RTI by demographic characteristics, particularly the risk factors associated with RTI among Vietnamese youths. This paper compares the prevalence of motorcycling, helmet use and prevalence of RTI among youths in Vietnam in 2004 and again in 2009 and determines the risk and protective factors associated with RTI among Vietnamese youths.
(Adapted from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
What can be implied from the paragraph 1?
Question 36: In the paragraph 1, the word ‘burden’ is closest in meaning to _______:
Question 37: In the paragraph 1, the word ‘accounting for’is closest in meaning to ____:
Question 38: According to the paragraph 1, which of the following is the largest reason causing death in Vietnam?
Question 39: According to the paragraph 2, the government stipulated to use helmets in all areas in 2003 EXCEPT:
Question 40: According to the passage, what of the following explains mostly for the injuries?
Question 41: In the paragraph 4, the word ‘disseminate’ is closest in meaning to _______:
Question 42: What does the passage mainly discuss about?
Question 43: His new victim, a pensioner, thought that the judge was being too lenienton Harry and called for the reinstate of corporal punishment and capital punishment!
Question 44: With this in mind, instead of passing a custodial sentence, he wasfined a lot of money and ordered to do community service.
Question 45: Money laundering is an illegal action extreme banned by any nations.
Question 46: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
“I dealt drugs on my own. No one else was my accomplice.” said he to the court.
Question 47: “It is too late for me to go straight” sail the robber to the court.
Question 48: It is expected that prison will rehabilitate such a notorious criminal.
Question 49: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Erick wanted to be wealthy at any cost. He joined the gang to carry drugs through the border.
Question 50: It was lucky for me not to be robbed. I succeeded in taking my gold to the jewelry shop.