Question 1: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from other three in position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
It ________ to reason that the cultural diversity brings many benefits and challenges as well.
Question 6: The guide reminded us ________ up food for a foreigner sharing a dining table.
Question 7: When I was in Britain, I couldn’t get used to ________ on the right.
Question 8: : Only after I ____________ to the indigenous did I understand Cham people’s wedding customs.
Question 9: There is no excuse for your invitation to Halim to your party! You ______ that because he was fasting.
Question 10: In Vietnamese culture, before the main speech, he often says a/an _______ of his partner’s health.
Question 11: It is advisable that you should be _______ to learn some disciplines in public places before visiting Singapore.
Question 12: In your country, you seldom pray before meal, _______?
Question 13: If he had been rich, he __________ two hundred guests to his wedding last week.
Question 14: It is believed that culture is the way we dress, _________ and eat.
Question 15: In this region, people often beat around the _____ before talking about the main story.
Question 16: _________ such a diverse culture, Vietnam is proud to be home to 54 ethnic groups across the country.
Question 17: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. He really got a culture trauma when he witnessed some people eat living fish at the party in the Central.
Question 18: We can’t judge a book by its cover, so we need to be cautious to talk to a person we have never met.
Question 19: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
It can be said that the United States is a multicultural society because its residents have immigrated from different countries all over the world.
Question 20: The tradition is the cultural quintessence passed by our ancestors through many generations.
Question 21: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Minh and his father are talking about the way to show respect to the elderly.
Father: “How do you show your respect to older people?”
Minh: “ _________________”
Question 22: Adam and Lucy are discussing their culture.
Adam: “Are you proud of your culture?”
Quynh: “ _________________”
Question 23: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.
We know that not every country is the same when it comes to the "rules of the road". If you haven't driven on the opposite side of the road before, it can be a little __(1)__. When it comes to Japan, don't let the right hand side steering wheel fool you, Japan drives on the left side! If you're from America or any other country that drives on the right hand side, it's important to know you will be driving on the opposite side in Japan! However, if you are from a place where they drive on the left side, you're a-okay! Have you ever wondered WHY some places drive on one side and the other? There is a reason for Japan __(2)__ on the left, and it goes way back to the samurai!
There are about 50 countries in the world where the right handles are common. Britain and Japan are the most representative, and Bangladesh, Hong Kong and other countries the same because most of them were ___(3)___ by the British. The reason that the English drives in the left lane is ___(4)___ to them using a horse and carriage. When driving a carriage, the __(5)__ would primarily be held with the right hand, to protect the passengers and guests in India which is said to be the reason England/countries colonized by England started driving on the left side.
(Adapted from www.japankuru.com)
Question 28: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28-35
In the Bemba culture of Zambia, marriage starts with a class called Bana Chimbusa, a secret counselling session for the bride. The class is followed by Chilanga Mulilo, where the bride’s family takes different family dishes and presents them to the groom’s family, giving a symbolic preview of what the groom will be eating when married. Nights before the wedding are filled with a lot of dance parties, a good warmup for the ceremony, or the Ama Shikulo, an official merging of the two families where people go up and give advice and best wishes to the couple.
The Swahili wedding involves a separation between the men and the women. While the bride attends the Henna party the night before the wedding, the men do the Kirumbizi, a fighting dance usually performed to the music of drums and a flute. This is followed by the Nikah, the vows ceremony, after which the groom gets invited to a luncheon called the Walima. The wedding climaxes as the groom picks up his wife in a dance and music-filled procession as they head to their new home.
From the Kunene Region of Northern Namibia, The Himba people “kidnap" the bride before her big day, only to work on wardrobe and have her dressed in a pure leather headdress called an okori. Her skin and hair are smeared with herbs and butterfat and crowned in expensive jewelry. After the ceremony, the groom’s family plasters the bride in butterfat ointment, marking her acceptance into the family.
The Zulu traditional wedding ceremony, or Umabo, usually takes place after a white wedding. This follows the dowry ceremony, lobola, the bringing of gifts for the bride’s mother and close family, or Izibizo and Umbondo, where the bride brings different household groceries for her soon-to-be family. On the big day, a Zulu bride will change her outfit at least three different times to convey to her in-laws her beauty in different styles and colors.
Among the Nuer people of Southern Sudan, the groom is required to pay 20-40 cows. After various celebrations and ceremonies, the wedding is still regarded as not complete up until the wife has birthed two children. If the wife only bears one child and the husband asks for a divorce, he is given a choice between his cows or custody of the child.
The Moroccan marriage celebration includes several ceremonies that can last between three days to a week. After an agreement by witnesses and the Adoul (Notary), gifts such as jewelry and shoes are exchanged. Two days before the wedding, the bride goes to the Hamam, a traditional sauna. This is regarded as an act of purification This is then followed by the Hennaya, where the bride and friends receive symbolic motifs as a lucky charm. The wedding day is characterized by recitals of Quranic verses, white caftans, matching jewelry, food, dance and, of course, music.
Right before a Ndebele wedding, the groom’s mother will usually make a Jocolo, a special apron made from goatskin decorated with beautiful colorful beads. This special garment gets be worn by all the married women during the wedding ceremony, and it represents a mother being surrounded by children. On the wedding day, the groom will then perform a ceremony in honor of his wife, giving her credit for all she has done in their time together. This is usually characterized by recitals, dance, and prayers.
Among the Amhara people of Ethiopia, most marriages are negotiated by the two families with a civil ceremony sealing the contract. On the wedding day, Invited guests arrive at the venue; mostly a decorated auditorium or hall. Traditional food and drinks will then be served. The usual attire for the big day is the traditional Habesha Cloth. At the end of the wedding ceremony, the groom will take his bride to his place and the party will continue at his house.
Marriage in the Maasai Tribe consists of a tedious process of courtship. The admirer is required to show his appreciation to his wife through the giving of a gift, usually a chain, which is followed by him giving out strong drinks to his newly-added family members, his in-laws. Once the parents approve, the groom is then required to give at least three cows and two sheep; one sheep is slaughtered and its fat is used to decorate the bride’s gown.
(Adapted from www.africa.com)
What can be served best as a title of the passage?
Question 29: According to the paragraph 1, what is done before the wedding in the Bemba culture?
Question 30: All the following is true about the Swahili wedding EXCEPT:
Question 31: In the paragraph 3, the word “kidnap” is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 32: In the paragraph 4, the word “dowry” is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 33: What can be implied about the wedding of Nuer people?
Question 34: In the paragraph 4, the word “purification” is closest in meaning to_____:
Question 35: What is the bride’s costume on the wedding day of Ndebele people?
Question 36: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36-42
There are various customs practiced during Tet such as ancestral worshipping, visiting a person’s house on the first day of the new year, wishing Tet wishes, giving lucky money to young children and old people, wishinglongevity to the oldest people. On the 23rd day of the twelfth month by lunar calendar, there is a rite to see Tao Quan (Kitchen God) off. The rite to say goodbye to the old year is held on the 30th or 29th day (if that month has only 29 days) of the twelfth month by lunar calendar. The rite to welcome the New Year is held at midnight that day. The rite to see off ancestral souls to return to the other world is often held on the 3rd day of the first month by lunar calendar when the Tet holidays finish and everybody goes back to work.
Homes are decorated with trees and flowers; caged birds are set free; children set off strings of firecrackers to drive off bad spirits even though fireworks were banned in 1995; street vendors sell glow sticks, noisemakers and carved pineapple on a stick; people light incense and joss sticks at temples. Some Buddhist altars are situated outside in front of the house. After Tet, chicken feet are hung from the front of the house to ward off evil spirits. If the feet turn black it means a year of bad luck is ahead.
In the first hours of the new year, the household elder chooses an auspicious direction to set out for the local temple, where the family prays for a good year and good business. A twig with leaves is brought home. The word loc ("leaf" or "bud") is a homonym for good fortune. Many families sing songs to honor deceased relatives and everyone cries.
Sometimes at Tet the number of fires in the shopping and industrial areas have caused the remark "Someone is trying to get insurance to settle accounts". Firecrackers and other explosives have traditionally been set off to drive away evil or dangerous spirits. During the Vietnam War, however, these were strictly forbidden. One Celebration almost resulted in tragic deaths for many when illegal firecrackers were exploded near tense combat troops.
The first visitor of the New Year is vitally important to Vietnamese as is the urgent necessity to avoid anything unpleasant or sick for fear that such will be repeated throughout the year. Because of long Chinese influence and Confucian teachings, many of the customs and practices are similar to those in Chinese culture: paying off all debts; visiting and cleaning up ancestral graves; and lighting incense, saying prayers and leaving flowers and food offerings at ancestor family altars. Traditional offerings left on family alters in southern Vietnam consist of coconuts, papaya, mango and custard apple. In the southern dialect the names of these four fruits forms a prayer for good business and good times in the coming year.
(Adapted from http://factsanddetails.com)
What does the passage mainly discuss about?
Question 37: In the first paragraph, the word “longevity” is closest in meaning to ____:
Question 38: What are mentioned as before-Tet activities EXCEPT:
Question 39: In the paragraph 3, what does the word ‘auspicious’ is closest in meaning to___:
Question 40: According to the passage, what is taken home on New Year’s Eve?
Question 41: According to the passage, what is mentioned as a reason for the firecracker prohibition?
Question 42: According to the passage, which of the following is the most important consideration to prevent adversity from repeating through the New Year in Vietnamese culture?
Question 43: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences.
In some countries jumping the queue may be accepting, but in UK, people may not be very happy with that action.
Question 44: If one of the people greeting or be greeted is female, you will frequently give or receive a small kiss on the cheek in some foreign countries.
Question 45: Some 850 miles off the east coast of India has lied a remote and tropical archipelago coated in natural beauty.
Question 46: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
In Vietnam, modern parents have stopped prohibiting their children to choose fiancées.
Question 47: The father said to his son that “you should bring a tooth stick to the elderly after meal from now on.’
Question 48: People believe that children’s objection to parents’ words is against the peoples’ custom.
Question 49: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Lan decided to attend a wedding of H’mong ethnic group. She understood the bride kidnapping custom clearly.
Question 50: A cable Television development provides a variety of entertainment apps. We don’t need to access to the internet through a computer.