Question 1: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from other three in position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Mitosis is a method of cell division in which a cell divides and produces ________ copies of itself.
Question 6: In 2017, scientists learned how to pull water out of thin air and edit a human ______.
Question 7: Some scientific discoveries ___________ a more rich understanding of our past.
Question 8: Scientists ____________ after evidence of liquid water on Mars for decades.
Question 9: we all rely ______ modern science and technology to improve our lives.
Question 10: In the 4.0 industrial era, scientists have ________ new machines to automate the production processes.
Question 11: Human is as bright as a _______ to invent the air conditioners helping them cope with the hot weather.
Question 12: Car industry nowadays is so competitive that cars must be equipped with all _______, but they have to be affordable to as many customers as possible.
Question 13: Being a ________, Tom always pays much attention to latest advances in technologies.
Question 14: Robots, which only have appeared in sci-fi films before, have come into ____ by now
Question 15: Online English courses have _________ for the past ten years in Vietnam.
Question 16: Incredible ______ such as satellite television have changed the way we spend our leisure hours.
Question 17: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
To strengthen protection for users, carmakers designed more extra options such as airbag, accident warning systems and sensors.
Question 18: Brain still seems to be a mystery to medical science although all progresses it has made for 50 years.
Question 19: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The government has focused on IT education for many years. However, in order to catch up with pace of such fast technology development there are still insufficient qualified IT workforce.
Question 20: It is necessary to raise public awareness to use copyright software to avoid being attacked by virus or hackers.
Question 21: Minh and his father are talking about the internet.
Minh: “Wasn’t there the internet when you were young, Dad?”
Father: “ _________________”
Question 22: Adam and Lucy are discussing computers.
Adam: “I can’t imagine how we can work without computers.”
Lucy: “ _________________”
Question 23: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.
Has the present lived up to the expectation of the past? Throughout the ages people have tried to predict what life in the twenty-first century would be like. Many science – fiction writers did manage to predict the ____(1)____ the computer would have on our world. Some even imagined that it would take over our lives, develop a personality, and turn on its creators. To some extent that were right, especially when it comes to children and cyber addiction. One constant prediction was that, thanks to computers and machines, the time devoted to labour would diminish. Even in 1971, in his book Future Shock, Alvin Toffler envisaged a society ___(2)____ with ‘freetime’. The author noted that time at work had been cut in half since the turn of the previous century and wrong speculated that it would be cut in half again by 2000.
However, our gadget – filled homes are a __(3)___ to the various visions of the future: the microwave oven, internet fridges with ice-cube dispenser, freezers and video monitors, climate control, dishwashers, washing machines, personal computers, wireless connections and cupboards full of instant food. These may no longer be considered cutting-edge but they have matched, if not surpassed, visitors of how we would live. The domestic robot never quite happened, but if you can phone ahead to set the heating and use a remote control to operate the garage door, they may as well as redundant.
The car, of course, has failed to live up to our expectations. It has been given turbo engines, DVD players and automatic windows, but its tires sticks stubbornly to the road. Why doesn’t it take off? The past promised us a flying car in various guises. In 1947 a ___(4)____ circled San Diego for more than an hour but later crashed us the desert. Some 30 patents for flying cars were registered in the US patent office last century but none of these ideas has been transformed into a commerciall available vehicle.
At least communication technology in this digital age hasn’t___(5)___ us down. Even in the most remote areas people have accessed to some form of communication device. The introduction of the telephone last century changed our world, but today’s mobile phones and the virtual world of the Internet have revolutionized it.
(Adapted from Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS)
Question 28: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28-34
Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of material and the problem of distinguishing the significant from the insignificant among events that have virtually the power of contemporary experience. In respect to the recent history of technology, however, one fact stands out clearly: despite the immense achievements of technology by 1900, the following decades witnessed more advance over a wide range of activities than the whole of previously recorded history. The airplane, the rocket and interplanetary probes , electronics, atomic power, antibiotics, insecticides, and a host of new materials have all been invented and developed to create an unparalleled social situation, full of possibilities and dangers, which would have been virtually unimaginable before the present century.
In venturing to interpret the events of the 20th century, it will be convenient to separate the years before 1945 from those that followed. The years 1900 to 1945 were dominated by the two World Wars, while those since 1945 were preoccupied by the need to avoid another major war. The dividing point is one of outstanding social and technological significance: the detonation of the first atomic bomb at Alamogordo, N.M., in July 1945.
There were profound political changes in the 20th century related to technological capacity and leadership. It may be an exaggeration to regard the 20th century as “the American century,” but the rise of the United States as a super state was sufficiently rapid and dramatic to excuse the hyperbole . It was a rise based upon tremendous natural resources exploited to secure increased productivity through widespread industrialization, and the success of the United States in achieving this objective was tested and demonstrated in the two World Wars. Technological leadership passed from Britain and the European nations to the United States in the course of these wars. This is not to say that the springs of innovation went dry in Europe. Many important inventions of the 20th century originated there. But it was the United States that had the capacity to assimilate innovations and take full advantage from them at times when other countries were deficient in one or other of the vital social resources without which a brilliant invention cannot be converted into a commercial success. As with Britain in the Industrial Revolution, the technological vitality of the United States in the 20th century was demonstrated less by any particular innovations than by its ability to adopt new ideas from whatever source they come.
The two World Wars were themselves the most important instruments of technological as well as political change in the 20th century. The rapid evolution of the airplane is a striking illustration of this process, while the appearance of the tank in the first conflict and of the atomic bomb in the second show the same signs of response to an urgent military stimulus. It has been said that World War I was a chemists’ war, on the basis of the immense importance of high explosives and poison gas. In other respects the two wars hastened the development of technology by extending the institutional apparatus for the encouragement of innovation by both the state and private industry. This process went further in some countries than in others, but no major belligerent nation could resist entirely the need to support and coordinate its scientific-technological effort. The wars were thus responsible for speeding the transformation from “little science,” with research still largely restricted to small-scale efforts by a few isolated scientists, to “big science,” with the emphasis on large research teams sponsored by governments and corporations, working collectively on the development and application of new techniques. While the extent of this transformation must not be overstated, and recent research has tended to stress the continuing need for the independent inventor at least in the stimulation of innovation, there can be little doubt that the change in the scale of technological enterprises had far-reaching consequences. It was one of the most momentous transformations of the 20th century, for it altered the quality of industrial and social organization. In the process it assured technology, for the first time in its long history, a position of importance and even honour in social esteem.
What does the passage mainly discuss about?
Question 29: All the following achievements are mentions as technological advances after 1900 EXCEPT:
Question 30: According to the passage, what can be inferred after 1945?
Question 31: Which of the following is TRUE about the United States in the twentieth century:
Question 32: The word ‘hastened’ in the paragragh 4 is closest in meaning to:
Question 33: What does the word ‘IT’ in the paragraph 4 refer to:
Question 34: From the passage, what can be inferred aboutscientific researching before the two World Wars?
Question 35: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35-42
The Internet has turned our existence upside down. It has revolutionized communications, to the extent that it is now our preferred medium of everyday communication. In almost everything we do, we use the Internet. Ordering a pizza, buying a television, sharing a moment with a friend, sending a picture over instant messaging. Before the Internet, if you wanted to keep up with the news, you had to walk down to the newsstand when it opened in the morning and buy a local edition reporting what had happened the previous day. But today a click or two is enough to read your local paper and any news source from anywhere in the world, updated up to the minute.
The Internet itself has been transformed. In its early days—which from a historical perspective are still relatively recent—it was a static network designed to shuttle a small freight of bytes or a short message between two terminals; it was a repository of information where content was published and maintained only by expert coders. Today, however, immense quantities of information are uploaded and downloaded over this electronic leviathan , and the content is very much our own, for now we are all commentators, publishers, and creators.
In the 1980s and 1990s, the Internet widened in scope to encompass the IT capabilities of universities and research centers, and, later on, public entities, institutions, and private enterprises from around the world. The Internet underwent immense growth; it was no longer a state-controlled project, but the largest computer network in the world, comprising over 50,000 sub-networks, 4 million systems, and 70 million users.The emergence of web 2.0 in the first decade of the twenty-first century was itself a revolution in the short history of the Internet, fostering the rise of social media and other interactive, crowd-based communication tools.
The Internet was no longer concerned with information exchange alone: it was a sophisticated multidisciplinary tool enabling individuals to create content, communicate with one another, and even escape reality. Today, we can send data from one end of the world to the other in a matter of seconds, make online presentations, live in parallel “game worlds,” and use pictures, video, sound, and text to share our real lives, our genuine identity. Personal stories go public; local issues become global.The rise of the Internet has sparked a debate about how online communication affects social relationships. The Internet frees us from geographic fetters and brings us together in topic-based communities that are not tied down to any specific place. Ours is a networked, globalized society connected by new technologies. The Internet is the tool we use to interact with one another, and accordingly poses new challenges to privacy and security.
Information technologies have wrought fundamental change throughout society, driving it forward from the industrial age to the networked era. In our world, global information networks are vital infrastructure but in what ways has this changed human relations? The Internet has changed business, education, government, healthcare, and even the ways in which we interact with our loved onesithas become one of the key drivers of social evolution.
The changes in social communication are of particular significance. Although analogue tools still have their place in some sectors, new technologies are continuing to gain ground every day, transforming our communication practices and possibilities—particularly among younger people. The Internet has removed all communication barriers. Online, the conventional constraints of space and time disappear and there is a dizzyingly wide range of communicative possibilities. The impact of social media applications has triggered discussion of the “new communication democracy.”
The development of the Internet today is being shaped predominantly by instant, mobile communications. The mobile Internet is a fresh revolution. Comprehensive Internet connectivity via smartphones and tablets is leading to an increasingly mobile reality: we are not tied to any single specific device, and everything is in the cloud.People no longer spend hours gazing at a computer screen after work or class; instead, they use their mobile devices to stay online everywhere, all the time.
(Adapted from bbvaopenmind.com)
What does the passage mainly discuss about?
Question 36: The word ‘repository’ in the paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to:
Question 37: It can be inferred from the passage that:
Question 38: According to the passage, what is NOT mentioned as functions of the internet?
Question 39: In the paragraph 5, what does the word ‘IT’ refer to:
Question 40: According to the paragraph 6, which of the following is TRUE about communication?
Question 41: In the paragraph 7, the word ‘gazing’ is closest in meaning to:
Question 42: According to the passage, which is the most convenient device to access to the internet?
Question 43: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences.
It can be seen that most every student possesses a smart phone.
Question 44: You should use earbuds to listen to music in public areas because it is not bulky.
Question 45: If there hadn’t been the advancements of technology, computer users wouldn’t be able to access to various social networking applications.
Question 46: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
After I had introduced my guests to each other I made a long speech on the current changes in the computer technologies.
Question 47: I couldn’t do anything but restart my laptop.
Question 48: Should anyone disagree to your scientific research project, tell them that that project has been approved by the national scientific committee.
Question 49: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
We used to spend much money on overseas telephoning in the past. Now we have Facebook Messenger to worldwide chat freely.
Question 50: Acable television development provides a variety of entertainment apps. We don’t need to access to the internet through a computer.