Question 1: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from other three in position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
______________ from vehicles are extremely dangerous and can kill people who are exposed.
Question 6: It is strongly believed that __________ will be made to replace the fossil fuels.
Question 7: Electricity is encouraged to ___________ to ensure the national energy security.
Question 8: _____________ are substances that are meant to control insects and weeds.
Question 9: _________ petrol contains a smaller amount of lead than most fuels so that it produces fewer harmful substances when it is burned.
Question 10: People in Vietnam are following the trend of buying _________ that are grown under an agricultural system without chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Question 11: Many environmentalists believe that the _________of carbon dioxide in the air in Hanoi will hit the new record by 2020.
Question 12: If the government ___________ take any measures to cut down on the greenhouse gas emission, the capital’s atmosphere will be extremely dangerous to its residents.
Question 13: The term __________ is a self-description for an environmental activist that adopts a 'hands-on' effort to save a plot of land.
Question 14: The ozone layer is a region of Earth's stratosphere that ________ most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.
Question 15: _________ is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions
Question 16: __________is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
Question 17: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The destruction of the rainforests is an ecological disaster, which directly leads to droughts and floods
Question 18: The velocity of a tsunami can be calculated by obtaining the square root of the depth of the water in metres multiplied by the acceleration due to gravity.
Question 19: The corrosive effect of polluted, acidic city air on limestone and marble was noted in the 17th century by John Evelyn.
Question 20: A tectonic earthquake begins by an initial rupture at a point on the fault surface, a process known as nucleation.
Question 21: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges .
Quan and Nam are talking about the impacts of deforestation .
Quan : “Do you think the deforestation is the key reason for droughts and floods?”
Nam : “ _________________”
Question 22: Nga and Quynh are discussing the environment pollution .
Nga : “The increase of the temperature of world is the result of environment pollution? What about your idea?”
Quynh : “ _________________”
Question 23: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27 .
Earthquakes are among the most destructive __(23)___ disaster. They usuallystrike without warning and result in a great fatality of life and an enormous demolition of buildings. Additionally, they may cause devastating landslides or create gigantic tidal waves which, in fact, are ___(24)___ walls of water smashing into seashores with such force that they are capable of destroying coastal cities. However, the vast majority of fatalities and serious injuries ____(25)___about when buildings collapse.
Most frequently, the earthquake lasts 30 to 60 seconds, so usually there is no time to avert the mortal ___(26)____ once the shaking starts. The savage forces of an earthquake trigger off a complex chain reaction in the building’s structure when it is shaken, lifted, pushed or pulled. A building’s height, its shape and construction materials are the most significant ___(27)____ deciding about the survival or collapse of the structure and, consequently, about the life or death of its inhabitants.
Question 24: -
Question 25: -
Question 28: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28-34 The past weeks have been dominated by the environment: fuel protests, severe flooding, a Government paper on green cities, and this week the global warning conference in The Hague. But what is global warming? Basically it is the planet heating up. The 1990s were the hottest decade of the last century and scientists say temperatures could rise by up to another 8 Degree Celsius over the next 100 years. This is thought to be at least partly due to rising levels of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas generated by burning fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum (used to make petrol). Greenhouse gases trap the sun’s heat by acting like a huge blanket.
This temperature rise could mean more droughts in some areas, flooding in other areas, higher sea levels and more frequent storms. The ice caps could melt and flood low-lying countries such as The Netherlands. Politicians tend to focus on what will win them votes in six months’ time, not what the world will be like in 20 or 30 years, so what can we do?
Last weekend I chaired the first Youth Environment Conference in Birmingham. More than 170 fourteen to twenty-five-year-olds turned up for the debate and had the chance to question a panel of politicians. One of the concerns was the use of fossil fuels for cars and generating electricity. Other concerns were the lack of green alternatives such as wind power or hydro-electric power, and the lack of recycling schemes.
But what concerned us most was how we can make a difference. Lots of people don’t understand what’s happening to the planet so we need to show how important the environment is. If enough people think about this when they vote, then politicians will start to take note. Many of them don’t think anybody cares and the only way we’ll get them to do something is by demonstrating that we do care.
(Adapted from Boost your vocabulary 4 by Christ Barker)
What does the passage mainly discuss?
Question 29: According to the paragraph 2, all of the following are true about the greenhousegases EXCEPT:
Question 30: In the paragraph 2, the word “this” refers to________.
Question 31: The word “alternatives” is closest in meaning to _________.
Question 32: What can be implied from the passage?
Question 33: What does the author mean mentioning “wind power or hydro-electric power”?
Question 34: What solution does the author mention to draw politicians’ attention to the environment issue?
Question 35: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or Don your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35-42
How does air become dirty? Cars, factories and power plantsproduce emissions and exhaust gases that go into the air. Dusts and chemicals such as carbon dioxide and Sulphur dioxide in emissions and exhaust gas are common air pollutants.
Air pollution is a city problem in Hong Kong. The Environmental Protection Department has set up air quality stations in different districts in Hong Kong. The Air Pollution Index (API) can tell us how good or poor the air quality is.
Poor air quality can make people sick. It has also been linked to some health problems such as heart disease and breathing problems. Also, air pollution has led to global environmentalproblems such as ozone depletion ,global warming and acid rain.
Get a breath of fresh air
How can we fight air pollution? Actions have been taken to cut down on emissions and exhaust gas and to remove pollutants from emissions. Also new technology can improve air quality. Factories cut down on pollutants from high Sulphur fuel and use environmentally-friendly production techniques. Power plants stop burning coal and use natural gas to make electricity. Government encourages people to replace their diesel-driven vehicles with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)and electric powered vehicles.
What does this passage mainly discuss?
Question 36: The word “depletion” in the paragraph is CLOSEST in meaning to _________.
Question 37: All the followings are mentioned as bad effects of the air pollution EXCEPT:
Question 38: The word environmental – friendly” in the paragraph 4 is CLOSET in meaning to ________.
Question 39: According to the passage, where do Sulphur dioxide andcarbon dioxide come from?
Question 40: All the followings are mentioned as the global environment problems EXCEPT
Question 41: According to the passage, what are power plants using to create electricity?
Question 42: All the followings are mentioned as the solutions to the environment pollution EXCEPT:
Question 43: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences
. Because of their environmental friendliness, electricity is being used in operating some vehicles1 these days.
Question 44: Many animals and plants will be likely to extincton account of increasing temperature.
Question 45: Owing environmental pollution, we are suffering from variouskinds of fatal diseases.
Question 46: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
It’s our duty to keep our environment clean.
Question 47: People have taken many actions to cut down on emission and exhaust gas.
Question 48: Poor air quality can make people sick.
Question 49: Mark the letters A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Ocean creatures are not endangered. People have contaminated the sea water.
Question 50: People have been excessively explored natural resources. Natural resources will be used up.