Question 1: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Modern architecture often seems _____ in a city rich in history
Question 6: We discussed_____________ the attic into a spare bedroom with the architect.
Question 7: The towel ____ the spilled water on the floor
Question 8: Micorscopesallowscientists to ____ smallobjects
Question 9: Afterits first plan failed, the group ____ a new, better plan
Question 10: Have you____a copy of the architectural plan for the new building ?
Question 11: The ____ buildings in the world combine outstanding architecture withclever use of materials and the all-important right location
Question 12: Whenyouthrow a building’shistory and orginalpurposeinto the mix, thingsgeteven more _____
Question 13: The Milwaukee Art Museum is an architectural landmark, _____ of three buildings
Question 14: The building is made of each bricks that_____ been dried in the sun, mortar made of sand and earth bricks, and a plasterthatgivesititssmooth surface
Question 15: The One World Trade Center is the tallest skyscraper in ____ Western Hemisphere
Question 16: The original church on the site was _____ in the year 604AD
Question 17: The Petronas Towers, which held the title of tallest in the world between 1998-2004,____ an iconic landmark of the capital city
Question 18: The building was developed to have multiple uses, described on the website as a 'vertical city ____ people can live, work and relax'
Question 19: A. what B. when C. how D. where Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Two people may have very different viewpoints of a single event
Question 20: The table was made of glass, so it was very breakable
Question 21: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Because the city was built along a popular ancient trade route, it became large and wealthy very quickly
Question 22: The former imperial palace is now home to the Palace Museum, and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987
Question 23: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Question 23: - “This house was built in 1901, you know”
Question 24: “We weren’t allowed to enter the building”
Question 25: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
Architects responsible (25) _____ the construction of many skyscrapers believe that a tall building must always have a certain minimum (26)_____ but that there is no limit to its absolute height. This means that the skyscrapers of the future are likely to be even taller.
Engineers agree with this, but there is disagreement over the best shape for very tall, slim buildings. The effects of wind pressure (27)____ that cylindrical designs have enjoy some popularity in recent years, and (28) ____ are quite pleasing to the eye. Unfortunately, however, the ideal shape is an ugly square with heavily rounded corners.
Would these tall buildings of the future offer more than a wonderful view? Some believe tall towers could (29) ____ all the requirements for modern living. The inhabitants of these vertical villages would travel up and down between their home and work zones and would rarely need to journey to ground lever.
Question 30: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34.
A distinctively American architecture began with Frank Lloyd Wright, who had taken to heart the admonition that form should follow function, and who thought of buildings not as separate architectural entities but as parts of an organic whole that included the land, the community, and the society. In a very real way the houses of colonial New England and some of the southern plantations had been functional, but Wright was the first architect to make functionalism the authoritative principle for public as well as for domestic buildings. As early as 1906 he built the Unity Temple in Oak Park, Illinois the first of those churches that did so much to revolutionize ecclesiastical architecture in the United States. Thereafter he turned his genius to such miscellaneous structures as houses, schools, office buildings, and factories, among them the famous Larkin Building in Buffalo, New York, and the Johnson Wax Company building in Racine, Wisconsin.
The phrase ‘taken to heart’ in the passage is closet in meaning to ___
Question 31: In what way did Wright’s public buildings differ from most of those built by earlier architects?
Question 32: The author mentions the Unity Temple because it ____
Question 33: The passage mentions that all of the following structures were built by Wright EXCEPT ____
Question 34: Which of the following statements best reflects one of Frank Lloyd Wright’s architectural principles?
Question 35: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42
Architecture is the art and science of designing structures that organize and enclose space for practical and symbolic purposes. Because architecture grows out of human needs and aspirations, it clearly communicates cultural values. Of all the visual arts, architecture affects our lives most directly for it determines the character of the human environment in major ways
Architecture is a three-dimensional form. It utilizes space, mass, texture, line, light, and colour. To be architecture, a building must achieve a working harmony with a various of elements. Humans instinctively seek structures that will shelter and enhance their way of life. It is the work of architects to create buildings that are not simply constructions but also offer inspiration and delight. Buildings contribute to human life when they provide shelter, enrich space, complement their site, suit the climate, and are economically feasible. The client who pays for the building and defines its function is an important member of the architectural team. The mediocre design of many contemporary buildings can be traced to both clients and architects
Every development in architecture has been the result of major technological changes. Materials and methods of construction are integral parts of the design of architectural structures. In earlier times it was necessary to design structural systems suitable for the materials that were available, such as wood, stone, or brick. Today technology has progressed to the point where it is possible to invent new building materials to suit the type of structure desired. Enormous changes in materials and techniques of construction within the last few generations have made it possible to enclose space with much greater ease and speed and with a minimum of material. Progress in this area can be measured by the difference in weight between buildings built now and those of comparable size built one hundred years ago
According to paragraph 1, all of the following statements about architecture are true EXCEPT:
Question 36: The word “enhance” in the passage in closet in meaning to
Question 37: The word “feasible” in the passage is closet in meaning to
Question 38: The word “it” in paragraph refers to___
Question 39: The word “integral” is closet in meaning to
Question 40: The word “shelter” is closet in meaning to
Question 41: According to paragraph 3, which of the following is true about materials used in the construction of buildings?
Question 42: In paragraph 3, what does the author imply about modern buildings?
Question 43: D. They take a long time to build as a result of their complex construction methods Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Gothic Revival architecture has several basis characteristics that distinguish it from other nineteenth-century architectural styles
Question 44: Minoru Yamasaki is an American architect which works departed from the austerity frequently associated with architecture in the United States after the Second World War
Question 45: Architecture is all about vision, so lighting enhances the way we perceive architecture even more
Question 46: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closet in meaning to each of the following questions
It seems that no one predicted the correct result
Question 47: They started investigating the case a week ago
Question 48: If we can solve the problem soon, it will be better for all concerned
Question 49: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
I was looking for the draft design this morning. I’ve found it now
Question 50: My foot was injured. I managed to walk home